History and Tradition Sector Course usually offered in fall term Activity: A few Greek myths at bedtime when we are kids, maybe a Greek tragedy like Sophokles' Oidipous when we are at school:
It proclaimed the secession of 13 British Colonies that were located in North America. This document was extremely valuable for the whole world as it was the manifestation of the ideals of the U. This document promoted equal political voice and democratically responsive government.
At first, few words about the American democracy should be mentioned.
Federalism presupposes the division of national government and state governments. The separation of powers is the sharing of powers between three main branches: However, its current meaning is differs greatly from the Ancient Greek. Today, there arouses a feeling that Greeks had little idea of the rights of an individual this is the core ideal of modern American democracy.
American democracy presupposes majoritarianism, and Greeks granted the right of political participation to a small group of people, in other words, to elite. The key idea of the American democracy is that a government is just the servant of the nation, and it does the things, which the majority of people want.
In the Ancient Greece, the situation was completely different as no one took into account the wishes of people, and all the political decisions were taken with the help of direct voting. However, it is impossible to reject the close ties between the U.
It should be stated that such significant for the American democracy things as self-determination, nation-state, and liberal democracy originated in Ancient Greece.
It should be pointed out that American democracy is often compared to the government of Ancient Rome. Researcher McLaughlin expresses very subjective and controversial viewpoint to this issue. He states that American democracy used to be a wonderful thing; however, with the course of time people have forgotten why the democracy was created.
Americans are compared to sleepwalkers, who follow the leader. The ties of the U. There exist a number of similarities between the governments of these states.
The government of ancient Rome has experimented with democracy. The upper classes even made attempts to share some political and economic power with people. In the Ancient Rome masses have elected representatives to carry out their wishes.
In conclusion, it should be mentioned that democracy has a long history. It used to be the key political system even in the ancient times. Its essence lies in implementing the will of the people. Democracy was popular even in the ancient times people started using it even in ancient Greece and ancient Rome.
However, the research has shown that ancient democracy and modern American democracy had a number of divergences.His domestic economy was a private matter and wealth was a prerequisite for the freedom and spare time which allowed him to participate in the democracy.
A similarity seen between ancient Athens and modern democracy when a lack of representation for a city-state or nation as a whole is seen. We shall not only be comparing/contrasting Ancient with Modern, though, but also - and at first equally or more - Ancient with Ancient, and indeed Ancient Democracy with Ancient Greek Oligarchy (which could sometimes be represented as really quite 'democratic').
ideologues on either side of the Atlantic espoused anything that they would. ANCH Ancient Rome. The Roman Empire was one of the few great world states-one that unified a large area around the Mediterranean Sea-an area never subsequently united as part of a single state.
Whereas the great achievements of the Greeks were in the realm of ideas and concepts (democracy, philosophy, art, literature, drama) those of the. The modern U.S. democratic model bears several strong similarities to that of ancient Greece.
The U.S. government is divided into the three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. Likewise, the Athenian democracy of Ancient Greece was divided into the Ekklesia, which was similar to the. Ancient Athens vs. United States. Athens - Direct Democracy United States - Representative Democracy When the founding fathers of the United States created the world’s first modern democracy they claimed to take their inspiration from the classical Greek demokratia – ‘a government of the people, by the people, for the people’, as Abraham Lincoln described it.
Modern-day democratic governments owe a lot to the democracy of ancient Athens. This early attempt at a fair and equal government run by the citizenry was unprecedented, and it served as a model for all the democratic governments that came after it.